on sculpture

“What characterizes sculpture, in my opinion, is the way in which it renounces the full, solid form. Holes and perforations conduct like flashes of lightening into the material, which becomes organic and open, encircled from all sides, lit up in and through the hollows.”

Germaine Richier in: New images of man. Peter Selz. The Museum of Modern Art. Doubleday, garden City, N.Y., 1959


"Yet artists began to insist through their sculpture and painting that they could veer away from a commitment to finish, and that through surface variation and roughness, as well as a lack of complete resolution in their compositions, they could reach other praiseworthy objectives, such as vivacity. It is essential to understand that artists who moved away from the ideal of "finish" had to expect both praise and criticism, often depending on the placement and context of their work. This was especially true in the sixteenth century but remained the subject of a great deal of discussion in the seventeenth century."

 Andrea Bayer  in: Renaissance views of the unfinished. In: Titian's hidden double portrait. Unveiled after 500 years. Hannibal Publishing, Italy, 2019


“My materials often dictate my change of aims, and I choose to work in a different material much as a man may suddenly feel an appetite for a change of diet. “
Ossip Zadkine in: The Work of Zadkine', (excerpt), Ionel Jianou, 1964

“I am the most curious of all to see what will be the next thing that I will do.”

Jacques Lipchitz cited in: Bertie Charles Forbes (1992) Forbes, Vol. 149, Nr. 5-9, p. 424

"The most entertaining surface on earth is the human face."

Georg C. Lichtenberg in: Sudelbuch F, 1776 - 1779. (F88).

"The human face is as strange to me as a countenance, which, the more one looks at it, the more it closes itself off and escapes by the steps of unknown stairways."

Alberto Giacometti in: Face to face, Christian Alandete, Jo Widoff, Hirmer Publishers, Munich 2020.

„We know only what we do, what we make, what we construct; and all that we make, all that we construct, are realities. I call them images, not in Plato's sense (namely that they are only reflections of reality), but I hold that these images are the reality itself and that there is no reality beyond this reality except when in our creative process we change the images: then we have created new realities.“

Naum Gabo, 1950; as cited in: Eidos: a journal of painting, sculpture and design. Nr.1, p. 31 1936 - 1977


“The object of art is not to reproduce reality, but to create a reality of the same intensity.”
Alberto Giacometti: in: Bacon/Giacometti: A Dialogue. Michael Peppiatt, Eris Press, London, 2021

“If you really want to find the sources of my present style in antiquity, I must confess that you will find them in the remains of the life of the past rather than in those of its art. The fossilized corpses that have been unearthed in Pompeii have fascinated me far more than the Laocoon group in the Vatican.” 


Marino Marini in: Dialogues on art, Edouard Rodity. Secker & Warburg, 1960. 

"In fact, the whole of mythology could be taken as a sort of projection of the collective unconscious."

C. G. Jung in: The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious, Princeton University Press, 1990.


“I'm sure it is time to turn our heads to mythology and not only to Greeks. Mythology is a perfect mirror for humanity to look at itself. To recognize the origin of the depth of stupidity and obscurantism we can't get rid of for thousands of years.” 


Oleg Ferstein: Instagram. Feedback on “Stages of Persephone”, 10. May 2022 

Jos Letschert 

On sculpting

"Sculpting and poetry are closely related artistic ways of expression. Both disciplines strive for the compaction of ideas, concepts, views, thoughts in a condensed form. In the end, the form is different, but the intentions are similar. The sculptor is a material poet, the poet is a sculptor with words. "

"Found shapes lose themselves while working and vice versa"


"To get close to my visual intentions I have to leave the concreteness of representations to achieve cohesive, conceptual and immersive shape and composition"

"Much needs to be added, to make clear what I am leaving out"

"My sculpture is characterized by its defiant incompleteness "

" Choosing the right time to stop working on a painting or a sculpture is not easy. Probably because there is no such moment. Usually you are too early, or too late. The first you can fix, the second is disastrous. I consider my work mostly as unfinished. Reflection time is of decisive importance. Through the distance of time you see what still has to happen. It's a repeating process for me."

"When something is finished, it has lost its future"