'Possible faces' (B)




Interpretations of Ancient Greek Mythology




My sculptural work focuses on two related themes: the ‘Human Head', and the interpretation of  'Ancient Greek Mythology'. The first theme  I call 'Head - Lines' and is about the formal variety, tension and expression in sculpted heads, more or less abstracted, in shapes, planes, lines. The sculpture is not assigned to existing persons. The second theme - also related to heads -  I call 'Possible faces'. It is a contemporary interpretation of mainly Homeric protagonists who stand for essential ideas and concepts, which are elementary in our most basic experiences.

Persephone






Stages of Persephone (1)

Kore
Daughter of Demeter and Zeus
Wife of Hades
Queen of the underworld








Mixed techniques, 2021
33 x 25 x 23 cm



Persephone






Stages of Persephone (2)

Kore
Daughter of Demeter and Zeus
Wife of Hades
Queen of the underworld









Mixed techniques, 2021
37 x 34 x 32 cm


 


Persephone






Stages of Persephone (3)

Kore
Daughter of Demeter and Zeus
Wife of Hades
Queen of the underworld








Mixed techniques, 2021
26 x 26 x 34 cm





Persephone






Stages of Persephone (3)


Kore
Daughter of Demeter and Zeus
Wife of Hades
Queen of the underworld









Mixed techniques, 2021
26 x 26 x 34 cm



Persephone






Stages of Persephone (4)

Kore
Daughter of Demeter and Zeus
Wife of Hades
Queen of the underworld








Mixed techniques, 2021
48 x 43x 38 cm


Artemis


Stages of Artemis (1)

Goddess of the hunt, wilderness and chastity
Daughter of Leto and Zeus
Twin sister of Apollo













Mixed techniques, 2021
59 x 45 x 29 cm


Aeneas


Stages of Aeneas (1)





Aeneas, a Trojan hero, represents people who need to flee from homeland and habitat because of war, oppression and danger of death. Aeneas initially seems to be one of the big losers in the Trojan epic. In the end, however, it is not Hektor, the intended Trojan heir to the throne, not Achilles, the virtually invincible hero who dies on the ramparts of the city, not Agamemnon, the scrupulous Greek army commander, who is murdered on his return home, who keep the best prospects. Aeneas flight with an old invalid father and a young son is a  tragedy and a metamorphosis at the same time. Aeneas symbolizes the last man, the last human, on an exodus to a new beginning. Nothing is eternal, everything is changing. Aeneas' son Askanios founded a new dynasty, while it lasted, of course: glory and decay. What is left when there is nothing left? It is an existential question. Maybe only the universe is eternal, we are certainly not, neither our beliefs, our culture, our possessions, not even our planet earth.






Mixed techniques, 2022
53 x 53 x 30 cm

Another (H)era


Stages of Hera (2)
 

 Hera - goddess of women, marriage, family and childbirth. Sister and wife of Zeus. The Greek poet Kallimachos told that their wedding feast lasted three thousand years.
 

 Hera was one of the three women (together with Athena and Aphrodite) who took part of a contest for the prize of a golden apple, addressed "To the fairest". Hera didn't win. These "Apple-Gate" eventually led to the Trojan war, because the winner (Aphrodite) promised juror Paris, Prince of Troy, the most beautiful woman on earth. Unfortunately that woman (Helen) was already married with Menelaos. King of Sparta. A clear example of bribery with far-reaching consequences.
 

 It must not have been easy to be a Hera, especially not with an iffy character like Zeus around you. Hera is carrying the weight on her tiny shoulders. That is the visual syntax I've tried to achieve in the sculpture.
 
 
 
 
 




Mixed techniques, 2022
 67 x 37 x 42 cm

 

Phoibos Apollo


Apollo is one of the twelve Olympic gods. The addition Phoibos refers to the sun. Apollo is the son of Leto and Zeus and twin brother of Artemis.

Apollo is the shepherd god, but also the god of the wolf. He is protector of music and god of medicine. He is the leader of the Muses.  His character is ambiguous. He stands for the beautiful and sublime, at the same time he is an intriguer, an intrusive woman attacker, for example with regard to Kassandra, to Daphne, or to Koronis; he is an excellent but jealous musician with sadistic qualities, for example with regard to the satyr Marsyas that he had skinned alive after a music competition. Apollo also stands for causing epidemic diseases among human beings. With his bow and arrows, he spreads deadly ailments. Apollo, the good and the evil, united in one person.

The Oracle of Delphi became the site of a major temple dedicated to Phoibos Apollo.



Mixed techniques, 2022
30 x 23 x 30 cm

 

Asklepios

 

Asklepios is the son of Apollo. His mother Koronis,  was a princess of the Thessalian kingdom of Phlegyantis. Apollo was a jealous god. When he heard that his lover was to marry a mortal, he punished her by burning. Before Koronis was completely incinerated, Apollo rescued the unborn infant from the flames.

 

The question of the human condition and the search for limits of the human, in order to overcome them, is nowhere more evident than with Asklepios. Asklepios is the blessed physician, educated by the centaur Chiron.  He is the symbol of medicine.  His abilities push Zeus to the limit. Asclepius started bringing back to life dead people like Tyndareus, Capaneus, Glaucus, Hymenaeus, Lycurgus and others. 


Hades, god of the underworld, accused Asklepios for stealing his subjects and complained to his brother Zeus about it. Zeus was afraid that Asklepios would teach the art of resurrection to other humans as well. Immortality was the basic competence of the gods. If that fell away there would be nothing left to distinguish men and gods. Zeus killed Asklepios with his thunderbolt. 


After Asklepios's death, Zeus placed his body among the stars as the constellation Ophiuchus ("the Serpent Holder") Later, however, upon Apollo's request, Zeus resurrected Asklepios as a god and gave him a place on Olympus.


Asklepios is  associated with a snake-entwined staff,  the esculape (from "Aesclepius") , a symbol that we still know and use to this day, for example on the windscreens of doctors' cars or in the name of pharmacies. 



Mixed techniques, 2022
30 x 21 x 30 cm

Aeneas


Stages of Aeneas (2)




Aeneas, Prince of Troy

Aeneas is one of the few Trojans who were not killed or enslaved when Troy fell. Aeneas has been commanded by the gods to flee in order to found a new Troy. Aeneas escaped the burning town with his young son Askanios, his old father Anchises and a group of other people.





Mixed techniques, 2022
38 x 31 x 30 cm

Demeter's despair


Stages of Demeter (2)


Olympian goddess of harvest and agriculture.
Mother of Persephone, goddess of fertility, abducted by Hades, the god of the Underworld. After the abduction of Persephone, Demeter neglected her duties as goddess of agriculture, with all bad consequences for earth and the people who lived there. After a compromise with Zeus (Anodos) she took up her duties, but only for the time that Persephone was with her.

The abduction of Persephone and especially the regular return to  her mother is the base for the "Eleusinian mysteries", secret religious rites of Ancient Greece.





Mixed techniques, 2022
30 x 30 x 30 cm

Demeter's despair

Eleusinian mysteries

Iphigenia at Aulis


Stages of Iphigenia (2)

Iphigenia is the eldest daughter of Klytaimnestra and Agamemnon. The latter is army commander of the Greeks in the war against Troy. He lures his daughter under false pretenses to Aulis where the fleet cannot sail due to lack of favorable winds. Iphigenia will be sacrificed to appease the gods.

 









Mixed techniques, 2022
65 x 45 x 42 cm



The Greek theatre director Themis Moumoulidis writes the following at his performance in Epidaurus in 2022 of the drama "Iphigenia at Aulis" by Euripides: 

 

“In “Iphigenia in Aulis”, a society in decline sacrifices Iphigenia – and an entire generation of young people – to a futile and unjust war. “Iphigenia” is the tragedy of History. An ode to what is sacrificed each time – to give birth to the new era or to open a new cycle of destruction? But what is the meaning of sacrifice in our troubled times? How does it intertwine with fear, expediency, vanity, selfishness, power games, the pursuit of glory, wealth and pleasure, the deadly combination of power and greed? How is it intertwined with every war, armed or economic, with every crime? What do we sacrifice and on which altars?

 

In “Iphigenia en Aulis”, Euripides stirs up the mythological material, leaving for a moment open the possibility that things could develop differently. After twenty years of the Peloponnesian War, Euripides seems to be asking himself: “is a paradigm shift possible”? Two and a half thousand years later, and while we are experiencing the first symptoms of a dystopian future, which we have lost, we still wonder: “is a paradigm shift possible”? The question is unanswerable. Maybe someday civilization will shed its inherent, deadly discomfort. Perhaps one day progress will cease to ally itself with barbarism. Maybe someday…Until then, all we can do is tell the same story again and again, in all tones and in all ways, through the filter of our own time… “


Director's note

Agamemnon


Stages of Agamemnon (2)

Agamemnon was king of Mykenae. He commanded the Greeks during the war against Troy. He was married to Klytaimnestra and the father of Iphigenia, Elektra, Laodike, Orestes and Chrysothemis. His brother Menelaos was married to Helena. The war for Troy was linked by Homer and others to the kidnapping of Helena by the Trojan prince Paris. In fact the cause was less romantic, it was an imperialist war to destroy the mighty, competitive and economically successful Troy. 

 
Agamemnon was a ruthless ruler who did not hesitate to sacrifice his eldest daughter Iphigenia to the gods in order to obtain a favorable wind for his war fleet. For this act, he was killed after returning home from the war, by his wife Klytaimnestra and her lover Aegisthos. Orestes in turn, instigated to do so by his sister Elektra, killed his mother and her lover for that.  


Mixed techniques, 2022
28 x 20 x 28 cm

Agamemnon


Stages of Agamemnon (2)


Agamemnon is the leader of a Greek alliance against Troy. Troops are mobilized from all parts of Greece. Not everyone is very willing. Odysseus, king of Itaka, who has just become the father of a son, plays that he is insane. However, his intentions are understood. Another Greek hero, Palamedes, recognizes the ruse. Later, Odysseus will unscrupulously avenge Palamedes. The great Greek hero Achilles also tried to escape the war, mainly under pressure from his mother Thetis. She placed her son with King Lykomedes, where he hid in girls' clothes among the king's daughters. However, Odysseus discovered that.

 

Forced participation in pointless wars (the latter is a pleonasm) is a phenomenon of all times, unfortunately. War is saying goodbye to humanity, to empathy, to dignity, and to reason. Lessons from history are, unfortunately still, apparently hard to learn. Man is often predator of man.




Mixed techniques, 2022
28 x 20 x 28 cm


Agamemnon

Agamemnon

Hephaistos


Stages of Hephaistos (2)



Blacksmith of the gods

Son of Hera and Zeus
Married to Aphrodite

Patron god for artisans, blacksmiths, and sculptors






Mixed techniques, 2022
27 x 21 x 30 cm


Hephaistos


Stages of Hephaistos (2)


Blacksmith of the gods

He forges the most beautiful artworks with fire and heavy hammers, and with a glow on his cheeks




Mixed techniques, 2022
27 x 21 x 30 cm